The Effects of The Teaching Methods Used on The Cognitive Learning Achievements among The Students in Rwandan Universities
Andala, Hesbon Opiyo
Swai, Elinami V.
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The level of cognitive abilities could be used to detect the extent of elimination of language barriers among the students. The learning environment that allows student choice and provides an opportunity for sharing is critical for enhancement of situational interest and understanding. Teachers should always strive to control the situational interest by manipulating the learning environment, modifying the teaching methods and improving the teaching strategies. The research was an experimental design done with MBA business statistics students and a sample size of 242 students. The teaching methods of group discussions and interactive lecture were the treatment while traditional lecture was the control. The data on students‟ cognitive achievements was collected and analyzed using descriptive statistics. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and X2 (Chi Squared) was used to test significant differences and associations between teaching methods and cognitive achievements attained at 95% confidence limit. The teaching methods used had significant mean differences in the students‟ cognitive achievements. Post Hoc differences analysis indicated that group discussion was the most superior method followed by the interactive lectures and the least beneficial was the traditional lecture method. The alternative hypothesis that the teaching method used had a significant effect on the students‟ cognitive achievements was adopted.